Farmers in India have taken to the streets to protest reforms that they say are against their interests.
Several farming and trade unions, and opposition parties have blocked motorways and railway tracks in different states.
But much of the protest is concentrated in the states of Punjab and Haryana where farm yields are high.
The government denies that the reforms, which open the farming sector to private players, will hurt farmers.
The governing Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), which proposed the three bills that contain the reforms, has defended them as necessary to increase farm incomes and productivity. While farmers in many states can already sell to private players, these bills offer a national framework.
Opposition parties and various farmers’ groups, however, say they are “anti-farmer”, and make them vulnerable to market forces. They have called for nation-wide demonstrations to oppose the reforms.
Nearly all farmers’ unions in Punjab have called for a strike in the state, reports BBC Punjabi’s Sarabjit Dhaliwal.
“Farmers here are sitting on railway tracks. Both men and women farmers have gathered in large numbers across the state,” he said.
Farmers in Punjab say they will continue to fight – with or without political support.
“We don’t trust political leaders. It’s our fight and we’ll fight it on our own. We don’t need them,” farmer Jaswant Singh told BBC Punjabi.
Similar scenes have been reported from the neighbouring state of Haryana.
What are the reforms?
The reforms seek to loosen rules around sale, pricing and storage of farm produce – rules that have protected India’s farmers from the free market for decades.
Harinder Singh Lakhowal, who is associated with the Punjab unit of the Bharatiya Kisan Union (Indian Farmers’ Union), told BBC Hindi that protests would continue until the government rolls back the reforms.
“There will be no rail movement and no buses will run in Punjab. There will be traffic jams on all the highways. There will be 200-250 demonstrations all over Punjab,” he said.